2016年考研英语二真题及答案

对于考研的同学来说,英语复习是一件令人头疼的事,为了帮助大家顺利的通过考试,中公考研小编为大家整理了2016年考研英语二真题及答案的相关信息,希望对大家的复习有所帮助。

Section1UseofEnglish

Directions:Readthefollowingtext.Choosethebestword(s)foreachnumberedblankandmark[A],[B],[C]or[D]onANSWERSHEET1.(10points)

Happypeopleworkdifferently.They’remoreproductive,morecreative,andwillingtotakegreaterrisks.Andnewresearchsuggeststhathappinessmightinfluence__1__firm’swork,too.

Companieslocatedinplaceswithhappierpeopleinvestmore,accordingtoarecentresearchpaper.__2__,firmsinhappyplacesspendmoreonR&D(researchanddevelopment).That’sbecausehappinessislinkedtothekindoflonger-termthinking__3__formakinginvestmentsforthefuture.

Theresearcherswantedtoknowifthe__4__andinclinationforrisk-takingthatcomewithhappinesswould__5__thewaycompaniesinvested.SotheycomparedU.S.cities’averagehappiness__6__byGalluppollingwiththeinvestmentactivityofpubliclytradedfirmsinthoseareas.

__7__enough,firms’investmentandR&Dintensitywerecorrelatedwiththehappinessoftheareainwhichtheywere__8__.Butisitreallyhappinessthat’slinkedtoinvestment,orcouldsomethingelseabouthappiercities__9__whyfirmstherespendmoreonR&D?Tofindout,theresearcherscontrolledforvarious__10__thatmightmakefirmsmorelikelytoinvest–likesize,industry,andsales–andforindicatorsthataplacewas__11__tolivein,likegrowthinwagesorpopulation.Thelinkbetweenhappinessandinvestmentgenerally__12__evenafteraccountingforthesethings.

Thecorrelationbetweenhappinessandinvestmentwasparticularlystrongforyoungerfirms,whichtheauthors__13__to“lesscodifieddecisionmakingprocess”andthepossiblepresenceof“youngerandless__14__managerswhoaremorelikelytobeinfluencedbysentiment.”Therelationshipwas__15__strongerinplaceswherehappinesswasspreadmore__16__.Firmsseemtoinvestmoreinplaceswheremostpeoplearerelativelyhappy,ratherthaninplaceswithhappinessinequality.

__17__thisdoesn’tprovethathappinesscausesfirmstoinvestmoreortotakealonger-termview,theauthorsbelieveitatleast__18__atthatpossibility.It’snothardtoimaginethatlocalcultureandsentimentwouldhelp__19__howexecutivesthinkaboutthefuture.“Itsurelyseemsplausiblethathappypeoplewouldbemoreforward-thinkingandcreativeand__20__R&Dmorethantheaverage,”saidoneresearcher.

1.[A]why[B]where[C]how[D]when

2.[A]Inreturn[B]Inparticular[C]Incontrast[D]Inconclusion

3.[A]sufficient[B]famous[C]perfect[D]necessary

4.[A]individualism[B]modernism[C]optimism[D]realism

5.[A]echo[B]miss[C]spoil[D]change

6.[A]imagined[B]measured[C]invented[D]assumed

7.[A]Sure[B]Odd[C]Unfortunate[D]Often

8.[A]advertised[B]divided[C]overtaxed[D]headquartered

9.[A]explain[B]overstate[C]summarize[D]emphasize

10.[A]stages[B]factors[C]levels[D]methods

11.[A]desirable[B]sociable[C]reputable[D]reliable

12.[A]resumed[B]held[C]emerged[D]broke

13.[A]attribute[B]assign[C]transfer[D]compare

14.[A]serious[B]civilized[C]ambitious[D]experienced

15.[A]thus[B]instead[C]also[D]never

16.[A]rapidly[B]regularly[C]directly[D]equally

17.[A]After[B]Until[C]While[D]Since

18.[A]arrives[B]jumps[C]hints[D]strikes

19.[A]shape[B]rediscover[C]simplify[D]share20.[A]prayfor[B]leantowards[C]giveaway[D]sendout

1.[标准答案][C]how

[考点分析]连词辨析

[选项分析]根据语境,“新发现表明:快乐可能会影响工作__的稳定。”[A]为什么[B]哪里[C]怎样,多么[D]当…时候。根据语义分析,C选项填入原文,译为“快乐可能会影响工作是有多么稳定”,C为正确选项。

2.[标准答案][B]Inparticular

[考点分析]上下文语义以及短语辨析

[选项分析][A]反过来[B]尤其是[C]相反[D]总的来说根据前文语境,第二段第一句译为“根据近期的研究,拥有更多快乐的人的公司会投资更多”。而第二句“_______那些在快乐氛围中的公司会做更多的研发以及发展。“第二句是在第一句的基础上进一步强调说明,因此B选项更符合语境要求。

3.[标准答案][D]necessary

[考点分析]上下文语义及形容词词义辨析

[选项分析][A]充足的[B]著名的[C]完美的[D]必要的首先,根据本句题干“That’sbecausehappinessislinkedtothekindoflonger-termthinking3formakinginvestmentsforthefuture.”译为“因为快乐与对未来投资有______长远考虑相联系。”要求填写形容词,我们要考虑其搭配与其修饰成分。空格处搭配介词for,并且修饰“长远考虑”。因此D选项最符合语境要求。

4.[标准答案][C]optimism

[考点分析]上下文语义及名词词义辨析

[选项分析][A]个人主义[B]现代主义[C]乐观主义[D]现实主义本题考查同后缀的名词辨析。根据原文主旨,探讨“happypeople”与公司的关系。那么,衡量四个选项,只有C选项符合主旨要求。

5.[标准答案][D]change

[考点分析]上下文语义及动词词义辨析

[选项分析][A]发出回声[B]想念,错过[C]破坏[D]改变根据原文语境,“would5thewaycompaniesinvested.”本题考查动宾搭配,宾语为“公司投资的方式”只有D选项搭配最为合理。

6.[标准答案][B]measured

[考点分析]上下文语义及动词词义辨析

[选项分析][A]想象[B]衡量,测量[C]发明[D]假定,设想“SotheycomparedU.S.cities’averagehappiness6byGalluppollingwiththeinvestmentactivityofpubliclytradedfirmsinthoseareas.”译为“他们把盖洛普咨询公司所_____的美国城市平均幸福指数与该地区的上市公司投资活跃度进行对比。”根据原文语境,盖洛普咨询公司所做的应该是一个“既定事实”所以排除ACD。因此,B选项为最佳选项。

7.[标准答案][A]Sure

[考点分析]上下文语义及固定搭配

[选项分析][A]确信的[B]奇怪的[C]不幸运的[D]经常的本题为固定搭配“sureenough”译为“足以肯定的是,”

8.[标准答案][D]headquartered

[考点分析]上下文语义及形容词词义辨析

[选项分析][A]广告的[B]划分的[C]课税过重的[D]位于总部的根据原文“firms’investmentandR&Dintensitywerecorrelatedwiththehappinessoftheareainwhichtheywere8.”译为“足以肯定的是,公司投资与研发力度与公司______的幸福指数相关。”inwhich引导表示地点的定语从句,先行词为area.对比四个选项,ABC不足以说明此地点的真实含义。因此,D选项,搭配前文area,构成“总部所在地”最为合理。

9.[标准答案][A]explain

[考点分析]上下文语义及动词词义辨析

[选项分析][A]解释[B]夸大[C]概述[D]重点强调根据原文“…orouldsomethingelseabouthappiercities9whyfirmstherespendmoreonR&D?”A选项“explain”常和后文“why”搭配使用。

10.[标准答案][B]factors

[考点分析]上下文语义及名词词义辨析

[选项分析][A]阶段[B]因素[C]等级[D]方法根据原文语境“Tofindout,theresearcherscontrolledforvarious10thatmightmakefirmsmorelikelytoinvest–likesize,industry,andsales…”本题中,破折号后面“大小,产业,销售”这些都是“让公司有更多投资的”因素。因此,B选项最符合原文语境。

11.[标准答案][A]desirable

[考点分析]上下文语义和形容词

[选项分析]该空填的是形容词,用来修饰前面的名词place,并且在意义上也是对后面likegrowthinwagesorpopulation的解释,可以看出来应该是填褒义词,并且能修饰place.所以只有[A]desirable合适的符合文章。[B]social社交的[C]reputable受尊敬的[D]reliable可依靠的。

12.[标准答案][B]held

[考点分析]上下文语义及动词词义辨析

[选项分析]该句算是这一段的总结句,该段整体在描述幸福与投资之间的关系,而这一link就只能得出了,只有[B]held”得出”符合语境。Aresumed“重新开始”,Cemerge“浮现”,Dbroke“破坏”。

13.[标准答案][A]attribute

[考点分析]上下文逻辑关系以及动词词组辨析

[选项分析]该空是一个which引导的定语从句的谓语动词所在地,动词的宾语就是前面的主句,强调“幸福与投资之间的关系尤其适用于新公司”这一结论与后面“所做决定会偏草率”之间的关系,能看出是一个因果关系,因此答案选择[A]attribute与to搭配表示“归因于……”,而[B]assignto表示“指派”[C]transferto“转移到”[D]compareto“与……比较”均不符合题意。

14.[标准答案][D]experienced

[考点分析]上下文语义及形容词词义辨析

[选项分析]此处很简单,前面有一个并列连词and,与前面的young一致修饰managers,强调新公司的领导年轻并缺乏经验,只有[D]experienced最合适。

15.[标准答案][C]also

[考点分析]上下文逻辑关系以及副词词义辨析

[选项分析]前面说到了“年轻的新经理决策时更容易受情绪影响。”与后面的“这种关系在员工幸福指数_____的公司尤为明显。公司似乎乐于投资那些相对快乐的员工所在的部门,而不是那些不快乐的部门。”之间很明显是一种递进关系,所以只有[C]also合适。”

16.[标准答案][D]equally

[考点分析]上下文语义及副词词义辨析

[选项分析]这题是考察副词修饰spread,但是更要注意的是该句“这种关系在员工幸福指数_____的公司尤为明显。公司似乎乐于投资那些相对快乐的员工所在的部门,而不是那些不快乐的部门。”中该空与后面的inequality形成复现关系,所以很容易判断出答案选择[D]equally。

17.[标准答案][C]while

[考点分析]上下文逻辑关系

[选项分析]该题是典型的考察上下文逻辑关系的题目,因此着力点应该放在上一段和这一段之间的关系。这一段第一句明确说出“这并不证明是幸福导致公司大量投资……”,所以两句话之间是一个转折关系,选择while.

18.[标准答案][C]hints

[考点分析]上下文语义及动词词义辨析

[选项分析]该题可以看出是考察动词与at的固定搭配,arriveat是“到达,抵达”,jumpat是“扑向;欣然接受”hintat是“暗示”strikeat是“袭击,攻击”,文章中的atleast和thatpossibility论证了这是一种可能,只有hintat有这层含义。

19.[标准答案][A]shape

[考点分析]上下文语义及动词词义辨析

[选项分析]根据上下文应该选一个“影响”未来看法含义的动词,[B]是“再发现”[C]是“使简化,使单纯”[D]是“分享”所以可以均可以排除,A是“塑造,形成,影响”,所以A项是最佳答案。

20.[标准答案][B]leantowards

[选项分析]上下文语义及动词词组词义辨析

[考点分析]本空考察动词词组,且该词组词义应与and前面意思保持一致,且作用对象为研发。[A]prayfor祈祷[B]leantowards倾向[C]giveaway放弃,泄露[D]sendout放出,给予。只有[B]选项能表达一种递进含义。

【全文翻译】

快乐的人工作起来会有不同。他们更多产,更有创造力,也更愿意去冒险。近期的一项研究表明快乐也可能会影响公司的工作。

根据近期的研究报告,在各地的公司里,拥有更多快乐的员工会投入的更多。尤其是那些在快乐氛围中的公司会做更多的研发以及发展。因为快乐与对未来投资有必要的长远考虑相联系。这是因为对未来进行投资需要作出长远决策,而这种决策与快乐相关。

研究者希望了解乐观精神和随快乐而来的冒险精神是否会改变公司投资的方式。因此,他们把盖洛普咨询公司所评估出的美国城市平均幸福指数与该地区的上市公司投资活跃度进行对比。

足以肯定的是,公司投资和研发力度与公司总部所在地的幸福指数相关。但是幸福真的与投资相关吗?或者说幸福指数更高的城市的其他方面能够说明公司为何加大研发投入。为了弄清这一点,研究者掌握了多种可能促使公司投资的因素,例如规模,产业,销售,也掌握了各种指标,如适宜居住地,工资涨幅及人口变化。了解这些问题后,幸福与投资的关系就能够轻松得出了。

幸福与投资之间的关系尤其适用于新公司,这是因为新公司所做决定会偏草率,而且年轻的新经理决策时更容易受情绪影响。同样,这种关系在员工幸福指数相同的公司尤为明显。公司似乎乐于投资那些相对快乐的员工所在的部门,而不是那些不快乐的部门。

然而这并不证明是幸福导致公司大量投资,或者从长远的角度来讲,研究人员认为至少它预示着这种可能性。不难想象,本地文化以及情感有助于影响高管对于未来的看法。“快乐的人比普通人有预见性、创造力、更善于研发这种说法似乎更可信。”一位研究者说。

SectionⅡReadingComprehension

PartA

Directions:Readthefollowingfourtexts.AnswerthequestionsaftereachtextbychoosingA,B,CorD.MarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET1.(40points)

Text1

It’struethathigh-schoolcodingclassesaren’tessentialforlearningcomputerscienceincollege.Studentswithoutexperiencecancatchupafterafewintroductorycourses,saidTomCortina,theassistantdeanatCarnegieMellon’sSchoolofComputerScience.

However,Cortinasaid,earlyexposureisbeneficial.Whenyoungerkidslearncomputerscience,theylearnthatit’snotjustaconfusing,endlessstringoflettersandnumbers—butatooltobuildapps,orcreateartwork,ortesthypotheses.It’snotashardforthemtotransformtheirthoughtprocessesasitisforolderstudents.Breakingdownproblemsbite-sizedchunksandusingcodetosolvethembecomesnormal.Givingmorechildrenthistrainingcouldincreasethenumberofpeopleinterestedinthefieldandhelpfillthejobsgap,Cortinasaid.

Studentsalsobenefitfromlearningsomethingaboutcodingbeforetheygettocollege,whereintroductorycomputer-scienceclassesarepackedtothebrim,whichcandrivetheless-experiencedor-determinedstudentsaway.

TheFlatironSchool,wherepeoplepaytolearnprogramming,startedasoneofthemanycodingbootcampsthat’sbecomepopularforadultslookingforacareerchange.Thehigh-schoolersgetthesamecurriculum,but“wetrytogearlessonstowardthingsthey’reinterestedin,”saidVictoriaFriedman,aninstructor.Forinstance,oneoftheappsthestudentsaredevelopingsuggestsmoviesbasedonyourmood.

ThestudentsintheFlatironclassprobablywon’tdropoutofhighschoolandbuildthenextFacebook.Programminglanguageshaveaquickturnover,sothe“RubyonRails”languagetheylearnedmaynotevenberelevantbythetimetheyenterthejobmarket.Buttheskillstheylearn—howtothinklogicallythroughaproblemand

organizetheresults—applytoanycodinglanguage,saidDeborahSeehorn,aneducationconsultantforthestateofNorthCarolina.

Indeed,theFlatironstudentsmightnotgoITatall.Butcreatingafuturearmyofcodersisnotthesolepurposeoftheclasses.Thesekidsaregoingtobesurroundedbycomputers—intheirpockets,intheiroffices,intheirhomes—fortherestoftheirlives.Theyoungertheylearnhowcomputersthink,howtocoaxthemachineproducingwhattheywant—theearliertheylearnthattheyhavethepowertodothat—thebetter.

21.Cortinaholdsthatearlyexposuretocomputersciencemakesiteasierto____.

A.completefuturejobtraining

B.remodelthewayofthinking

C.formulatelogicalhypotheses

D.perfectartworkproduction

22.Indeliveringlessonsforhigh-schoolers,Flatironhasconsideredtheir____.

A.experience

B.academicbackgrounds

C.careerprospects

D.interest

23.DeborahSeehornbelievesthattheskillslearnedatFlatironwill____.

A.helpstudentslearnothercomputerlanguages

B.havetobeupgradedwhennewtechnologiescome

C.needimprovingwhenstudentslookforjobs

D.enablestudentstomakebigquickmoney

24.Accordingtothelastparagraph,Flatironstudentsareexpectedto____.

A.competewithafuturearmyofprogrammers

B.staylongerintheinformationtechnologyindustry

C.becomebetterpreparedforthedigitalizedworld

D.bringforthinnovativecomputertechnologies

25.Theword“coax”(Line4,Para.6)isclosestinmeaningto____.

A.challenge

B.persuade

C.frighten

D.misguide

答案:

Text1

21答案Bremodelthewayofthinking.

解析:此题是文中人物观点题。根据Cortina定位到第二段前三句。Cortina认为尽早接触计算机科学是有益的。第三句It’snotashardforthemtotransformtheirthoughtprocessesasitisforolderstudents.译为在转变思维程序方面小孩不像年龄较大的学生一样困难,即Bremodelthewayofthinking转变思维方式即为同义替换。

22答案Dinterest

解析:此题是细节题。根据关键词Friedman定位到第四段第二句but之后引号里面内容“我们试图让课程符合学生兴趣”,故而Dinterest为正确答案。

23答案Ahelpstudentslearnothercomputerlanguages

解析:文中人物观点题。题干问的是DeborahSeehorn认为在Flatiron这里所学到的技能将能怎么样,据此定位到第五段But处,和题干基本一致,该句指出“Buttheskillstheylearn…appltoanycodinglanguage”,意思是他们学到的技能可以应用于任何编码语言。对比答案选项,A选项的意思是“帮助学生学习其他的计算机语言”属于原文定位处的同义替换。

24答案Cbecomebetterpreparedforthedigitalizedworld

解析:细节题。题干指出:根据最后一段,Flatiron的学生被期望去干什么。据此定位到最后一段的Thesekidsaregoingtobe处,是题干的同义复现。定位句“Thesekidsare…besurroundedbycomputersfortherestoftheirlives.Theyoungertheylearnhowcomputersthink…….thebetter.”,意思是学生们越早学越好。C选项“为数字化的未来做更好的准备”是同义概述。

25答案Bpersuade

解析:词义句意题,结合上下文来解题。根据coax此单词,定位到最后一段最后一句“howtocoaxthemachineproducingwhattheywant”,考察固定搭配“persuade……”。A选项挑战,B选项劝服,C选项使恐慌,D选项误导。考生做题时一定要注意结合上下文来推测生词的词义,这是命题人的出题规律。

Text2

Biologistsestimatethatasmanyas2millionlesserprairiechickens---akindofbirdlivingonstretchinggrasslands—oncelentredtotheoftengraylandscapeofthemidwesternandsouthwesternUnitedStates.Butjustsome22,000birdsremaintoday,occupyingabout16%ofthespecies’historicrange.

ThecrashwasamajorreasontheU.SFishandWildlifeService(USFWS)decidedtoformallylistthebirdasthreatened.“Thelesserprairiechickenisinadesperatesituation,”saidUSFWSDirectorDanielAshe.Someenvironmentalists,however,weredisappointed.Theyhadpushedtheagencytodesignatethebirdas“endangered,”astatusthatgivesfederalofficialsgreaterregulatorypowertocrackdownonthreats.ButAsheandothersarguedthatthe“threatened”taggavethefederalgovernmentflexibilitytotryoutnew,potentiallylessconfrontationalconservationsapproaches.Inparticular,theycalledforforgingclosercollaborationswithwesternstategovernments,whichareoftenuneasywithfederalactionandwiththeprivatelandownerswhocontrolanestimated95%oftheprairiechicken’shabitat.

Undertheplan,forexample,theagencysaiditwouldnotprosecutelandownerorbusinessesthatunintentionallykill,harm,ordisturbthebird,aslongastheyhadsignedarange—widemanagementplantorestoreprairiechickenhabitat.NegotiatedbyUSFWSandthestates,theplanrequiresindividualsandbusinessesthatdamagehabitataspartoftheiroperationstopayafundtoreplaceeveryacredestroyedwith2newacresofsuitablehabitat.Thefundwillalsobeusedtocompensatelandownerswhosetasidehabitat,USFWSalsosetaninterimgoalofrestoringprairiechickenpopulationstoanannualaverageof67,000birdsoverthenext10years.AnditgivestheWesternAssociationofFishandWildlifeAgencies(WAFWA),acoalitionofstateagencies,thejobofmonitoringprogress.Overall,theideaistolet“states”remaininthedriver’sseatformanagingthespecies,”Ashesaid.

Noteveryonebuysthewin-winrhetoricSomeCongressmembersaretryingtoblocktheplan,andatleastadozenindustrygroups,fourstates,andthreeenvironmentalgroupsarechallengingitinfederalcourtNotsurprisingly,doesn’tgofarenough“Thefederalgovernmentisgivingresponsibilityformanagingthebirdtothesameindustriesthatarepushingittoextinction,”saysbiologistJayLininger.

26.Themajorreasonforlistingthelesserprairieasthreatenedis____

[A]itsdrasticallydecreasedpopulation

[B]theunderestimateofthegrasslandacreage

[C]adesperateappealfromsomebiologists

[D]theinsistenceofprivatelandowners

27.The“threatened”tagdisappointedsomeenvironmentalistsinthatit_____

[A]wasagive-intogovernmentalpressure

[B]wouldinvolvefeweragenciesinaction

[C]grantedlessfederalregulatorypower

[D]wentagainstconservationpolicies

28.ItcanbelearnedfromParagraph3thatunintentionalharm-doerswillnotbeprosecutedifthey_____

[A]agreetopayasumforcompensation

[B]volunteertosetupanequallybighabitat

[C]offertosupporttheWAFWAmonitoringjob

[D]promisetoraisefundsforUSFWSoperations

29.AccordingtoAshe,theleadingroleinmanagingthespeciesin______

[A]thefederalgovernment

[B]thewildlifeagencies

[C]thelandowners

[D]thestates

30.JayLiningerwouldmostlikelysupport_______

[A]industrygroups

[B]thewin-winrhetoric

[C]environmentalgroups

[D]theplanunderchallenge

26答案Aitsdrasticallydecreasedpopulation

解析:此题是原因细节题。根据关键词定位到第一段But前后关于lesserprairiechickens数量2million和22,000的强烈对比。此外第二段第二句“thelesserprairiechickenisinadesperatesituation”都可以得知Aitsdrasticallydecreasedpopulation数量的急剧下降为正确答案。

27答案Cgrantedlessfederalregulatorypowers

解析:此题是原因细节题。根据关键词定位到第二段第四句,Theyhad…,astatethatgivesfederalofficialsgreaterregulatorypower.而But之后是截然相反的事实,即政府授予了更少的管理权。故而Cgrantedlessfederalregulatorypowers为正确答案。

28答案Aagreetopayasumforcompensation

解析:推断题。题干问的是从第三段推出来:无意伤害的那些人是不会被检举的如果怎么样。根据题干定位到第三段首句“itwouldnotprosecute….aslongas….”,题干中问的if即原文的aslongas的同意替换,原文aslongas的意思是:只要他们签署了计划。下一句说道,该计划要求个体和企业去支付基金。对应选项A选项“赞同支付赔偿”属于同义替换。

29答案Dthestates

解析:此题是细节题。根据关键词定位到第三段最后一句theideaistoletthe“states”remaininthedriver’sseatformanagingthespecies,Ashesaid.其中inthedriver’sseat对应题干中的theleadingrole,故而Dstates为正确答案。

30答案Cenvironmentalgroups

解析:文中人物观点题。题干问的是JayLininger最可能支持谁,大写人名定位到末段最后一句。最后一句提到:生物学家JayLininger说道联邦政府要把责任推给导致鸟类灭绝的企业,显然是对政府和企业的反对。再往前看一句,指出:企业团体和政府部门观点一致,环境学家与其观点恰巧一致。因此,JayLininger最支持环境团体的观点了。

Text3

Thateveryone’stoobusythesedaysisacliché.Butonespecificcomplaintismadeespeciallymournfully:There’sneveranytimetoread.

Whatmakestheproblemthornieristhattheusualtime-managementtechniquesdon’tseemsufficient.Theweb’sfullofarticlesofferingtipsonmakingtimetoread:“GiveupTV”or“Carryabookwithyouatalltimes”Butinmyexperience,usingsuchmethodstofreeuptheodd30minutesdoesn’twork.Sitdowntoreadandtheflywheelofwork-relatedthoughtskeepsspinning-orelseyou’resoexhaustedthatachallengingbook’sthelastthingyouneed.Themodernmind,TimParks,anovelistandcritic,writes,“isoverwhelminglyinclinedtowardcommunication…Itisnotsimplythatoneisinterrupted;itisthatoneisactuallyinclinedtointerruption”.Deepreadingrequiresnotjusttime,butaspecialkindoftimewhichcan’tbeobtainedmerelybybecomingmoreefficient.

Infact,“becomingmoreefficient”ispartoftheproblem.Thinkingoftimeasaresourcetobemaximisedmeansyouapproachitinstrumentally,judginganygivenmomentaswellspentonlyinsofarasitadvancesprogresstowardsomegoalimmersivereading,bycontrast,dependsonbeingwillingtoriskinefficiency,goallessness,eventime-wasting.Trytoslotitasato-dolistitemandyou’llmanageonlygoal-focusedreading-useful,sometimes,butnotthemostfulfillingkind.“Thefuturecomesatuslikeemptybottlesalonganunstoppableandnearlyinfiniteconveyorbelt,”writesGaryEberleinhisbookSacredTime,and“wefeelapressuretofillthesedifferent-sizedbottles(days,hours,minutes)astheypass,foriftheygetbywithoutbeingfilled,wewillhavewastedthem”.Nomind-setcouldbeworseforlosingyourselfinabook.

Sowhatdoeswork?Perhapssurprisingly,schedulingregulartimesforreading.You’dthinkthismightfueltheefficiencymind-set,butinfact,Eberlenotes,suchritualisticbehaviourhelpsus“stepoutsidetime’sflow”“soultime”.Youcouldlimitdistractionsbyreadingonlyphysicalbooks,oronsingle-purposee-readers.“Carryabookwithyouatalltimes”canactuallywork,too-providingyoudipinoftenenough,sothatreadingbecomesthedefaultstatefromwhichyoutemporarilysurfacetotakecareofbusiness,beforedroppingbackdown.Onareallygoodday,itnolongerfeelsasifyou’re“makingtimetoread,”butjustreading,andmakingtimeforeverythingelse.

31.Theusualtime-managementtechniquesdon’tworkbecause

[A]whattheycanofferdoesnoteasethemodernmind

[B]whatchallengingbooksdemandisrepetitivereading

[C]whatpeopleoftenforgetiscarryingabookwiththem

[D]whatdeepreadingrequirescannotbeguaranteed

32.The“emptybottles”metaphorillustratesthatpeoplefeelapressureto

[A]updatetheirto-dolists

[B]makepassingtimefulfilling

[C]carrytheirplansthrough

[D]pursuecarefreereading

33.Eberlewouldagreethatschedulingregulartimesforreadinghelps

[A]encouragetheefficiencymind-set

[B]developonlinereadinghabits

[C]promoteritualisticreading

[D]achieveimmersivereading

34.“Carryabookwithyouatalltimes”canworkif

[A]readingbecomesyourprimarybusinessoftheday

[B]allthedailybusinesshasbeenpromptlydealtwith

[C]youareabletodropbacktobusinessafterreading

[D]timecanbeevenlysplitforreadingandbusiness

35.Thebesttitleforthistextcouldbe

[A]HowtoEnjoyEasyReading

[B]HowtoFindTimetoRead

[C]HowtoSetReadingGoals

[D]HowtoReadExtensively

31答案Dwhatdeepreadingrequirescannotbeguaranteed.

解析:因果细节题。题干指出:传统的时间管理方法不起作用的原因是什么。根据题干定位到第二段首句指出theusualtime-managementtechniquesdon’tseemsufficient,是题干的同义替换,但要找原因。整段都在分析过程环节,最终原因必然在该段末句提到。直接定位到该段末句,指出深入阅读不仅需要时间,而且是一种仅仅通过有效无法获得的一种时间。结合选项D,深入阅读所需的无法得到确保,是原文末句的同义替换。

32答案Bmakepassingtimefulfilling

解析:题干问的是“emptybottles”暗喻证明了人们在做什么方面有压力,emptybottles直接可以在文中GaryEberle所说的话中找到:“Thefuturecomesatuslikeemptybottles…”。其所说的话证明的目的必然是为了说明前一句的观点。因此,该题定位到三段“trytoslot…butnotthemostfulfillingkind”,该句就指出:只会处理目标集中的阅读,这是有用的,但不是最有满足感的。结合选项B使流逝的时间更有满足感,是原文的同义替换。

33答案Dachieveimmersivereading

解析:文中人物观点题,注意区分文中人物观点和作者观点。题干问的是Eberle赞同为阅读设定规定性时间帮助什么。根据题干精确定位到第四段第二句:“You’dthinkthismightfueltheefficiencymind-set,butinfact,E…..soultime”,意思是你会认为这可以提升效率性思维设定,但实际上这些行为帮助我们跨入到灵魂阅读时间。对应选项D,获得深入阅读,属于同义替换。

34答案Areadingbecomesyourprimarybusinessoftheday

解析:细节题。题干指出:总是带一本书会起作用如果怎么样。根据题干定位到末段中间部分“carryabookwithyouatalltimescanactuallywork,too…sothatreadingbecomesthedefaultstatefromwhichyoutemporarilysurfacetotakecareofbusiness.”,意思是这样的话阅读就成为默认状态,偶尔会出来管理工作(注意business并非默认状态,非主要事情)。对应选项A阅读成为每天的主要任务,是该句的同义替换。

35答案BHowtoFindTimetoRead

解析:标题题,即全文中心主旨。通过题干,可发现题干关键词中time复现多次,因此可确定time为全文的主题词。整篇文章都围绕阅读时间来展开,因此正确答案为A如何寻找阅读时间。

Text4

Againstabackdropofdrasticchangesineconomyandpopulationstructure,youngerAmericansaredrawinganew21st-centuryroadmaptosuccess,alatestpollhasfound.

Acrossgenerationallines,Americanscontinuetoprizemanyofthesametraditionalmilestonesofasuccessfullife,includinggettingmarried,havingchildren,owningahome,andretiringintheirsixties.Butwhileyoungandoldmostlyagreeonwhatconstitutesthefinishlineofafulfillinglife,theyofferstrikinglydifferentpathsforreachingit.

Youngpeoplewhoarestillgettingstartedinlifeweremorelikelythanolderadultstoprioritizepersonalfulfillmentintheirwork,tobelievetheywilladvancetheircareersmostbyregularlychangingjobs,tofavorcommunitieswithmorepublicservicesandafasterpaceoflife,toagreethatcouplesshouldbefinanciallysecurebeforegettingmarriedorhavingchildren,andtomaintainthatchildrenarebestservedbytwoparentsworkingoutsidethehome,thesurveyfound.

Fromcareertocommunityandfamily,thesecontrastssuggestthatintheaftermathofthesearingGreatRecession,thosejuststartingoutinlifearedefiningprioritiesandexpectationsthatwillincreasinglyspreadthroughvirtuallyallaspectsofAmericanlife,fromconsumerpreferencestohousingpatternstopolitics.

Youngandoldconvergeononekeypoint:Overwhelmingmajoritiesofbothgroupssaidtheybelieveitisharderforyoungpeopletodaytogetstartedinlifethanitwasforearliergenerations.Whileyoungerpeoplearesomewhatmoreoptimisticthantheireldersabouttheprospectsforthosestartingouttoday,bigmajoritiesinbothgroupsbelievethose“justgettingstartedinlife”faceatougheragood-payingjob,startingafamily,managingdebt,andfindingaffordablehousing.

PeteSchneiderconsiderstheclimbtoughertoday.Schneider,a27-yaear-oldautotechnicianfromtheChicagosuburbssayshestruggledtofindajobaftergraduatingfromcollege.Evennowthatheisworkingsteadily,hesaid.”Ican’taffordtopaymamonthlymortgagepaymentsonmyown,soIhavetorentroomsouttopeopletomarkthathappen.”Lookingback,heisstruckthathisparentscouldprovideacomfortablelifefortheirchildreneventhoughneitherhadcompletedcollegewhenhewasyoung.“Istillgrewupinanuppermiddle-classhomewithparentswhodidn’thavecollegedegrees,”Schneidersaid.“Idon’tthinkpeoplearecapableofthatanymore.”

36.Onecross-generationmarkofasuccessfullifeis_____.

[A]tryingoutdifferentlifestyles

[B]havingafamilywithchildren

[C]workingbeyondretirementage

[D]settingupaprofitablebusiness

37.ItcanbelearnedfromParagraph3thatyoungpeopletendto____.

[A]favoraslowerlifepace

[B]holdanoccupationlonger

[C]attachimportancetopre-maritalfinance

[D]giveprioritytochildcareoutsidethehome

38.Theprioritiesandexpectationsdefinedbytheyoungwill____.

[A]becomeincreasinglyclear

[B]focusonmaterialisticissues

[C]dependlargelyonpoliticalpreferences

[D]reachalmostallaspectsofAmericanlife

39.Bothyoungandoldagreethat____.

[A]good-payingjobsarelessavailable

[B]theoldmademorelifeachievements

[C]housingloanstodayareeasytoobtain

[D]gettingestablishedisharderfortheyoung

40.WhichofthefollowingistrueaboutSchneider?

[A]Hefoundadreamjobaftergraduatingfromcollege.

[B]Hisparentsbelieveworkingsteadilyisamustforsuccess.

[C]Hisparents’goodlifehaslittletodowithacollegedegree.

[D]Hethinkshisjobasatechnicianquitechallenging.

36答案Bhavingafamilywithchildren

解析:此题是细节题。根据关键词定位到第二段第一句Acrossgenerationallines,…includinggettingmarried,havingchildren…即成功的标志包括结婚生子,故而正确选项是Bhavingafamilywithchildren.

37答案Cattachimportancetopre-maritalfinance

解析:此题是细节题。根据关键词定位到第三段第一句Youngpeople…toagreethatcouplesshouldbefinanciallysecurebeforegettingmarriedorhavingchildren…即年轻人认为夫妻在结婚前或者生小孩前应该在经济上是稳定的,故而Cattachimportancetopre-maritalfinance为正确答案。

38答案DreachalmostallaspectsofAmericanlife

解析:此题是细节题。根据关键词定位到第四段第一句…thosejuststarting…willincreasinglyspreadthroughvirtuallyallaspects…即这些期待即将渗透到美国生活的各个方面,故而DreachalmostallaspectsofAmericanlife为正确答案。

39答案Dgettingestablishedisharderfortheyoung

解析:此题是文中人物观点题。根据关键词定位到第五段第一句…itisharderforyoungpeopletodaytogetstartedinlifethanitwasforearliergenerations.即与年长者相比,现如今的年轻人维持生计更加困难,故而Dgettingestablishedisharderfortheyoung为正确答案。

40答案CHisparents’goodlifehaslittletodowithacollegedegree.

解析:此题是正误判断题。根据关键词定位到第六段第五句Lookingback…hisparentscouldprovideacomfortablelifeforthechildreneventhoughneitherhadcompletedcollegewhenhewasyoung.即父母即便没有上过大学但仍旧可以为孩子提供舒适的生活,故而Hisparents’goodlifehaslittletodowithacollegedegree.为正确答案。

PartB

Directions:

ReadthefollowingtextandanswerthequestionsbychoosingthemostsuitablesubheadingfromthelistA-Gforeachofthenumberedparagraphs(41-45).Therearetwoextrasubheadingswhichyoudonotneedtouse.MarkyouranswersontheANSWERSHEET.

[A]Besilly

[B]Havefun

[C]Expressyouremotions

[D]Don'toverthinkit

[E]Beeasilypleased

[F]Noticethings

[G]Askforhelp

Asadults,itseemsthatweareconstantlypursuinghappiness,oftenwithmixedresults.Yetchildrenappeartohaveitdowntoanart-andforthemostparttheydon'tneedself-helpbooksortherapy.instead,theylookaftertheirwellbeinginstinctively,andusuallymoreeffectivelythanwedoasgrownups.Perhapsit'stimetolearnafewlessonsfromthem.

41.______________

Whatdoesachilddowhenhe'ssad?Hecries.Whenhe'sangry?Heshouts.Scared?Probablyabitofboth.Aswegrowup,welearntocontrolouremotionssotheyaremanageableanddon'tdictateourbehaviours,whichisinmanywaysagoodthing.Buttoooftenwetakethisprocesstoofarandendupsuppressingemotions,especiallynegativeones.that'saboutaseffectiveasbrushingdirtunderacarpetandcanevenmakeusill.Whatweneedtodoisfindawaytoacknowledgeandexpresswhatwefeelappropriately,andthen-againlikechildren-move.

42.____________

AcoupleofChristmasesago,myyoungeststepdaughter,whowasnineyearsoldatthetime,gotaSupermanT-shirtforChristmas.Itcostlessthanafiverbutshewasoverjoyed,andcouldn'tstoptalkingaboutit.Toooftenwebelievethatanewjob,biggerhouseorbettercarwillbethemagicsilverbulletthatwillallowustofinallybecontent,buttherealityisthesethingshaveverylittlelastingimpactonourhappinesslevels.Instead,beinggratefulforsmallthingseverydayisamuchbetterwaytoimprovewellbeing.

43.______________________

Haveyouevernoticedhowmuchchildrenlaugh?Ifweadultscouldindulgeinabitofsillinessandgiggling,wewouldreducethestresshormonesinourbodies,increasegoodhormoneslikeendorphins,improvebloodflowtoourheartsandevenhaveagreaterchanceoffightingoffenfection.Allofwhich,ofcourse,haveapositiveeffectonhappinesslevels.

44.__________________

Theproblemwithbeingagrownupisthatthere'sanawfullotofseriousstufftodealwith---work,mortgagepayments,figuringoutwhattocookfordinner.Butasadultswealsohavetheluxuryofbeingabletocontrolourowndiariesandit'simportantthatwescheduleintimetoenjoythethingswelove.Thosethingsmightbesocial,sporting,creativeorcompletelyrandom(dancingaroudthelivingroom,anyone?)--itdoesn'tmatter,solongasthey'reenjoyable,andnotlikelytohavenegativesideeffects,suchasdrinkingtoomuchalcoholorgoingonawildspendingspreeifyou'reonatightbudget.

45.___________________

Havingsaidalloftheabove,it'simportanttoaddthatweshouldn'ttrytoohardtobehappy.Scientiststellusthiscanbackfireandactuallyhaveanegativeimpactonourwellbeing.AstheChinesephilosopherChuangTzuisreportedtohavesaid:"Happinessistheabsenceofstrivingforhappiness."Andinthat,oncemore,weneedtolooktotheexampleofourchildren,towhomhappinessisnotagoalbutanaturalbyproductofthewaytheylive.

意料之中的小标题。首先明确7个选项的意思。

首先应当把握本文的出发点,也就是41题目之前的关键句:我们应该从孩子身上学习一些东西。“捉住本中心,每个标题都是提醒成人可以从孩子身上得到一些启示。

41.C表达情感。开头以问句的方式:“孩子悲伤时会怎样?孩子生气时会如何?他们的表达方式与大人不同,成人更多会选择压抑情感,并且会有不好的后果,比如致病。紧接着最后一句算是总结句:我们要找到一种合适的方式表达,像孩子那样。重点在哪里?整段不离的中心意思,重复的出现那就是情感的表达喽。选项为C

42.E举例子的目的无非是为了证明观点。但是从例子也是可以总结出想要表达的意思的。讲到一个小女孩因为一个廉价的圣诞礼物就可以高兴,并且很快乐,就旨在讲小小的幸福。再来看看例子后面的观点。提到成人的世界里所谓的车啊,房啊之类的貌似会让我们幸福的东西其实不然。所以一个instead直接把本段的中心意思表达了出来,那就是幸福来自于小小的事情。对应选项E

43.A一句话出现在第二句。问句之后,如果我们能够“愚蠢“那么一点点,我们将会有各种好处,对不对。那么这一段几乎大段的篇幅都花在这一句上了,主旨更加明显那就是:去这样做吧。Besilly.

44.B这一段讲到成人的世界里的确有太多让人烦恼的东西,Butasadultswealsohavetheluxuryofbeingabletocontrolourowndiariesandit'simportantthatwescheduleintimetoenjoythethingswelove享受自己喜欢的东西也是很重要的。接下来举例子,各种具体事例说明那些我们可以做的可以享受的事情,并且最后说出了他们的好处。从前往后一直再说我们应该放松,享受。所以啊,在剩下的可选择的选项中只有havefuns比较合适了。

45.D不要可以去想怎样才幸福,应用了哲人的一句话来说明这个道理,旨在告诉大家当让是过程就是幸福的了。最后可以用排除法。G寻求帮助根本未提及。F选项可以直接排除。那么对应关系,来看看D不要想太多。“无欲无求,本就是幸福啦。“最终选定D

SectionIIITranslation

Directions:

TranslatethefollowingtextfromEnglishChinese.WriteyourtranslationonANSWERSHEET2.(15points)

46.Directions:

TranslatethefollowingtextChinese.YourtranslationshouldbewrittenontheANSWERSHEET.(15points)

Thesupermarketisdesignedtolurecustomersspendingasmuchtimeaspossiblewithinitsdoors.Thereasonforthisissimple:Thelongeryoustayinthestore,themorestuffyou'llsee,andthemorestuffyousee,themoreyou'llbuy.Andsupermarketscontainalotofstuff.Theaveragesupermarket,accordingtotheFoodMarketingInstitute,carriessome44,00differentitems,andmanycarrytensofthousandsmore.Thesheervolumeofavailablechoiceisenoughtosendshoppersastateofinformationoverload.Accordingtobrain-scanexperiments,thedemandsofsomuchdecision-makingquicklybecometoomuchforus.Afterabout40minutesofshopping,mostpeoplestopstrugglingtoberationallyselective,andinsteadbeginshoppingemotionally-whichisthepointatwhichweaccumulatethe50percentofstuffinourcartthatweneverintendedbuying.

超市旨在吸引顾客尽可能长时间的停留在店中。其原因很简单:顾客在店里停留的时间越长,看到的商品越多;而看到的商品越多,买的就会越多。超市中出售大量的商品。根据食品推广协会的调查,普通的超市大概有种不同的商品;还有很多超市出售的商品高达上万种。如此多的选择足以使顾客面对超负荷的信息。根据脑部扫描实验,需要快速的做这么多决定就会让我们难以承受。大约在购物40分钟之后,大多人就不会再努力做出理性的选择了,取而代之的就是冲动购物——而这时,我们的购物车中已经装了一半根本就没想买的东西了。

SectionIVWriting

PartA

SupposeyouwonatranslationcontestandyourfriendJackwroteanemailtocongratulateyou,andaskadviceontranslation.Writehimareplyto

1)thankhim;

2)giveyouradvice.

YoushouldwriteneatlyontheANWSERSHEET.Donotsignyouownnameattheendoftheletter,use“LiMing”instead.Donotwritetheaddress.(10point)

参考译文

DearJack,

I’mwritingtoexpressmygratitudeforyourcongratulationonmysuccessinthetranslationcontest.

Asregardtomyexperience,Iwouldliketoofferyousomeproposalsinthispart.Firstandforemost,Istronglysuggestyouthatyouneedtopracticewithpainstakingeffortinthisfield.What’smore,youhadbetterhavemorecommunicationwithforeigners,whichguaranteesthatyouhaveadeepunderstandingofforeignculture.Lastbutnotleast,youaresupposedtoparticipateinsomeinternationaleventstoaccumulateawealthofpracticalexperience.

ThanksagainandIdohopeyoucouldtakemysuggestionsconsideration.Iwishyouhavegoodluckandmakeagreatsuccessinyourfuturestudy.

Yourssincerely,

LiMing

如大家所见,这是2016年英语二小作文题目。英语(二)考纲的写作部分,其实主要考查学生的应用能力,考查范围包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等,还应能写一般描述性、叙述性和说明或议论性的文章;而要求考生根据所给情景写出一篇约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文。

作为写作B部分的小作文总分10分,大家要抓住得分点。小作文在评分时有如下评分要点:1.信息点——覆盖全面;2.内容——组织连贯;3.语言——准确性;4.格式——符合要求;5.语域——恰当。

预料之中,今年英语二的小作文再次考查了书信体,并且考查的信件可以说是杂糅型的。这在2011年英语二中出现了同样的考查方式:

SupposeyourcousinLIMINGhasjustbeenadmittedtoauniversitywritehim/heraletterto:

(1)Congratulatehim/her,and

(2)givehim/hersuggestionsonhowtogetpreparedforuniversitylife

Youshouldwriteabout100wordsonANSWERSHEET2.DOnotsignyourownnameattheendoftheletter,Usezhangwei.

如大家所见,这是2016年英语二小作文题目。英语(二)考纲的写作部分,其实主要考查学生的应用能力,考查范围包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等,还应能写一般描述性、叙述性和说明或议论性的文章;而要求考生根据所给情景写出一篇约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文。

作为写作B部分的小作文总分10分,大家要抓住得分点。小作文在评分时有如下评分要点:1.信息点——覆盖全面;2.内容——组织连贯;3.语言——准确性;4.格式——符合要求;5.语域——恰当。

预料之中,今年英语二的小作文再次考查了书信体,并且考查的信件可以说是杂糅型的。这在2011年英语二中出现了同样的考查方式:

SupposeyourcousinLIMINGhasjustbeenadmittedtoauniversitywritehim/heraletterto:

(3)Congratulatehim/her,and

(4)givehim/hersuggestionsonhowtogetpreparedforuniversitylife

同样的考查方式,足以说明一件事情——绝对要重视考研真题。老师们总在强调真题的重要性,好多同学不与重视,希望大家以后一定要强化这种认识。

下面我们来详细解读下今年的小作文,首先看一下题目要求:

称呼:DearJack注意称呼中,后面的逗号不可丢,也不能写成冒号。

正文

建议大家三步走策略——简洁、直接、明了:写作目的、写作是由、重申目的

第一段:写作内容需涵盖两点:写信目的,表明感谢来自朋友的祝贺;可以采用这样的表达方式:I’mwritingtoexpressmygratitudeforyourcongratulationonmysuccessinthetranslationcontest.

第二段:写作内容应以建议为主体。在这个过程中可以把日常我们如何提高的方式写进正文,比如多加练习、多与外国人交流,多多接触国际事务等。本篇老师主要从这些方面进行论述,表达如下Asregardtomyexperience,Iwouldliketoofferyousomeproposalsinthispart.Firstandforemost,Istronglysuggestyouthatyouneedtopracticewithpainstakingeffortinthisfield.What’smore,youhadbetterhavemorecommunicationwithforeigners,whichguaranteesthatyouhaveadeepunderstandingofforeignculture.Lastbutnotleast,youaresupposedtoparticipateinsomeinternationaleventstoaccumulateawealthofpracticalexperience.

第三段:再次强调重申写信目的,如ThaThanksagainandIdohopeyoucouldtakemysuggestionsconsideration.Iwishyouhavegoodluckandmakeagreatsuccessinyourfuturestudy.

落款:Yourssincerely,特别提醒sincerely后面逗号不能丢;签名:LiMing特别注意Ming后面一定不能出现句点。

PartB

48.Directions:

Writeanessaybasedonthefollowingchart.youshould

1)interpretthechartand

2)giveyourcomments.

Youshouldwriteabout150wordsontheANSWERSHEET.(15points).

某高校学生旅游目的调查

参考例文:

Asisclearlyreflectedintheabovepiechart,thepurposeofstudentstravellingabroaddemonstratesobviousdifferencesinonecollegeofChina.Accordingtothedatagiven,thepurposeofenjoyingthebeautifullandscapetakesacomparativelylargeshare,accountingfor37%,whilethatofrelievingpressurealsotakesaway20%ofthewholeproportion.

Whattriggersthisphenomenon?Itisnotdifficulttoputforwardseveralfactorsresponsibleforthisphenomenon.Tostartwith,withtherapideconomicdevelopmentofeconomy,people,includingcollegestudents,arebecomingincreasinglywealthy,whichenablesthemtoaffordtheonce-deemed-expensiveoverseatraveling.Inordertoenjoythecharminglandscapeallaroundtheworld,alargeproportionofstudentschoosetotravelabroad.What’smore,alongwiththeever-acceleratingimprovementofeconomyandsocietyisalsotheever-increasingworkandlifepressure.Consequently,thepurposeofrelievingpressureranksthesecondamongallthepurposesforfolkstotravelaroundtheworld.

Inviewoftheargumentsabove,wecanconcludethatthecurrentphenomenonisofnosurprise.Andtherefore,itcanbepredictedthatadmiringthesceneryandalleviatingpressurewillstillbethemainpurposeforpeopletoarrangeatravelingtoothercountries.

作文解析

今年英语二作文的题目比较好写,因为标题和图示非常清晰明白。图表显示了某高校学生旅游目的调查,考生分析原因的话也会很简单。下面分三段简要地说一下这三段应该怎么写。

第一段主要是描述图表。图表一目了然,数量词百分比也是大家熟悉的词汇,表述数据时,图中有四五组数据,由于字数的限制以及为了写作的便利可以突出较大比例的“欣赏风景”和“缓解压力”,注意引入百分比的表达方式。

第二段给出你的评论,主要写这种情况的原因。主要要结合图表描述的内容从两个方面写起。一方面为什么为了欣赏风景而旅行的目的占37%,另一方面为什么缓解压力会占到33%比例。

最后结尾段落可简要得出结论,这种现象并不奇怪,还将继续下去。

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